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Chinese Elm (Ulmus parvifolia) Bonsai Tree

Ulmus parvifolia, commonly known as the Chinese Elm or Lacebark Elm, is a species native to China, Japan, North Korea and Vietnam. A small to medium deciduous, semi-evergreen tree growing to 10–18m (30–60ft) tall with a slender trunk and crown. The leathery, lustrous green single-toothed leaves are small, 2–5cm long by 1–3cm broad, and often retained as late as December or even January in Europe and North America.

Chinese Elm Bonsai can be kept outside in the summer months. Give the tree a full sun or mostly sunny location. The trees should not be exposed to frost or extremely high temperatures. Bring the trees indoor over winter. Keep them on a window sill with plenty of light.

Chinese Elm can be grown in most upright informal and formal styles. Single trunk, informal styles are common.

Keep the Chinese Elm well watered throughout the growing season. The soil should be kept moist at all other times. Use rainwater if possible and the tree will also benefit from a regular water mist spray.

Young Chinese Elm should be repotted annually. Use a good well draining compost mix.

Heavy pruning should be done in early spring. General pruning can be done throughout the growing season.

Feed the bonsai with a general purpose plant feed every two weeks or use a slow release feed in the compost.


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chinese elm bonsai tree