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Bougainvillea Bonsai Tree

Bougainvillea is a genus of flowering plants native to South America from Brazil west to Peru and south to southern Argentina. They are thorny, woody vines growing anywhere from 1-12 meters tall, scrambling over other plants with their spiky thorns. The thorns are tipped with a black, waxy substance. They are evergreen where rainfall occurs all year, or deciduous if there is a dry season.

Bougainvillea Bonsai trees in the UK are classed as deciduous outdoor trees with correct winter protection or indoor evergreen Bonsai if the conditions are kept right. Both types of Bonsai can allow the trees to be kept outside in the summer months. Give the tree a full sun or mostly sunny location. The trees should not be exposed to frost or extremely high temperatures.

Keep the Bougainvillea Bonsai well watered throughout the growing season. The soil should be kept moist at all other times. Use rainwater if possible and the tree will also benefit from a regular water mist spray.

Bougainvillea Bonsai are best kept root bound. Repot less regular than other Bonsai. Use a good well draining compost mix.

Heavy pruning should be done in early spring. General pruning should be done at the end of flowering. Wounds are slow to heal so you should use a plant sealant to protect the Bonsai tree from pests.

Feed the bonsai with a weak general flowering plant feed every two weeks or use a slow release feed in the compost. Try not to over feed Bougainvillea.

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Bougainvillea bonsai tree