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Fir (Abies) Bonsai Tree

Firs (Abies) are a genus of 48–55 species of evergreen conifers in the family Pinaceae. They are found through much of North and Central America, Europe, Asia, and North Africa, occurring in mountains over most of the range. Firs are most closely related to the cedars (Cedrus). Many Fir tree varieties make good Bonsai. Garden centres are a great source of Bonsai material.

Although the Douglas Fir is not strictly a true Fir tree but it is one of the most commonly grown outdoor Bonsai trees.

Most common Bonsai styles for the Douglas Fir include a formal and informal upright, slanting, cascade, twin-trunk and group plantings. Douglas Fir trees can be wired all throughout the year but be careful that the wire does not bite into the tree.

Douglas Fir Bonsai prefer a semi shade to full sun position. Keep the soil moist at all times. Never let the soil dry out or become waterlogged for a prolonged period. Douglas Fir Bonsai is tolerant to both drought and frost but it should not be exposed to extremes.

Repot the Douglas Fir every year for young specimen trees. Repotting can be done in early spring or in late autumn. Trim up to a quarter of the roots. You can repot the Douglas Fir using a general bonsai compost but the tree prefers a clay loam mix with a good drainage medium added.

Pruning can be done throughout the year. Heavy pruning should be done at the start or the end of the main growing period.

Feed the Douglas Fir every other week during the main growing period with a general fertiliser.


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douglas fir bonsai